What is Melasma?
Melasma is an extremely common skin condition, mainly effecting women during pregnancy, menopause or puberty, or any other time of significant hormonal change. Although, bear in mind, 10% of suffers are men.
It presents itself as brown patches, usually on the cheeks, nose, forehead or chin, but it can also appear on other parts of the body including the forearms and neck.
Melasma usually occurs when the color-making cells in the skin produce too much melanin, so any change in sun exposure, hormones or skin care products can trigger the onset of these brown patches. It’s also been linked with high cortisol production in both women and men.
How is Melasma Treated?
One of the most common treatments for Melasma is sun protection, as it’s thought that one of the main causes is sun exposure, but the overall cause of this condition is unclear.
There are a few other ways in which Melasma can be treated, listed here:
1 – Vitamin C
Vitamin C works to treat Melasma by helping break down the melanin that already exists. Vit-C prevents more melanin from forming in the skin, too, so can have a two-fold effect. The downside to this natural fix is that it can take a very long time to reduce Melasma completely. Best paired with Vitamin E, these two antioxidants enhance each other, and will eventually repair the damaged skin by breaking down damage and encouraging the production of healthy cells.
2 – Exfoliation
Exfoliating the upper layer of the skin will help skin cells to regenerate and replace the pigmentation with renewed skin cells. Natural scrubs and exfoliators work wonders for this, and needn’t cost a lot. Encouraging this skin stimulation will reduce the appearance of the discoloration and help promote the growth of undamaged skin.
3 – Protection
Using a concentrated Vitamin C serum under sunscreen each day is KEY for protecting your skin against the main cause of Melasma: UV radiation! Find an oil-free sunscreen so your skin isn’t left greasy, and ensure it’s fully absorbed before applying any make-up over the top.
4 – Stem Cells
Another way to quickly restore and rejuvenate hyperpigmentation is by using plant stem cells. Adopted to significantly improve skin damage, stem cells help to stimulate and encourage the production of healthy cells. Literally replacing the damage with new skin cells, by applying a Stem Cell Mask weekly, you could see a vast improvement in the dark areas, quickly.